How to delete the RAID configuration from drives managed by the Cisco 12G SAS Modular Raid Controller

The content of this blog post was created by a couple of colleagues of mine, David Boone and Bradford Garvey. These guys do a phenomenal job making sure VMware Virtual SAN customers get a great experience with the product by helping them plan, configure, and test VSAN. Because of this, they end up uncovering interesting information like what’s to follow.

Sometimes Cisco UCS hardware intended to be used for VMware Virtual SAN has previously been configured for other uses. In these cases, sometimes a RAID configuration has already been configured on the drives. VSAN requires the individual drives be presented to ESXi either raw via the I/O controller set in Pass-Through Mode (See: How To Configure the Cisco 12G SAS Modular Raid Controller for Pass-Through Mode) or disks set in their own RAID 0 disk groups. Best practice is to set the I/O Controller in Pass-Through Mode (Enable JBOD).  However, if a RAID configuration previously existed, on the Cisco UCS platform there are a few extra steps to complete after enabling JBOD mode for the controller.

If drives were already configured as RAID virtual devices, delete the RAID configuration from the drives.  One way to do that is to Clear the entire VD configuration:

Clear the entire VD configuration

  • Log into the Cisco UCS Manager
  • Open a console to the host
  • Reboot the host
  • On boot up hit Ctrl+R to enter the Cisco 12G SAS Modular Raid Controller BIOS Configuration Utility
  • Hit Ctrl-N until the “VD Mgmt” page is selected
  • In the “VD Mgmt” screen, navigate to the controller, and press the F2 key.
  • Navigate to “Clear Configuration” and press Enter.  You should see this popup:

CiscoUCS - Remove RAID 1

  • Press “Yes” to delete all the virtual drives

Drives will then be in an “Unconfigured Good” state.  They might look something like this:

CiscoUCS - Remove RAID 2

If you see this, these 10 drives are in an “Unconfigured Good” state. They need to be converted to a JBOD state.

There are two options. You can convert a bunch of Unconfigured Good drives to JBOD drives (from the “VD Mgmt” screen) or you can convert a particular Unconfigured Good drive to a JBOD drive (from the “Drive Management” screen)

Option 1: Convert a bunch of Unconfigured Good drives to JBOD drives

Perform the following steps to convert a bunch of Unconfigured Good drives to JBOD drives:

  • In the “VD Mgmt” screen, navigate to the controller and press the F2 key.
  • Navigate to “Make JBOD”, and press Enter.
    The “Convert Unconfigured Good to JBOD” dialog appears, which shows all Unconfigured Good drives in the system.

CiscoUCS - Remove RAID 3

 

  • Select the Unconfigured Good drives which you want configured as JBODs for VSAN.
    To select or deselect all the Unconfigured Good drives at one go, select the topmost square backets in the “Unconfig good drives” box.
  • Press “OK”.
    The selected Unconfigured Good drives are converted to JBOD drives.

Option 2: Convert a particular Unconfigured Good drive to a JBOD drive

Perform the following steps to convert a particular Unconfigured Good drive to a JBOD drive:

  • In the “Drive Management” screen, navigate to an Unconfigured Good drive, and press the F2 key.
  • Navigate to “Make JBOD”, and press Enter.
  • Press “OK” in the message confirmation box to continue.

After converting all the 10 drives above to JBOD, the screen looks like this:

CiscoUCS - Remove RAID 4

Result

After rebooting, the BIOS will report all 10 drives and ESXi will see all of them in a JBOD (Pass-Through) configuration, with all the benefits of JBOD like being able to retrieve S.M.A.R.T.S. info from the physical drives.

The information obtained to create this post was gathered from the Avago – 12Gb/s MegaRAID® SAS Software – User Guide

Thanks again to David Boone and Bradford Garvey for providing this information.

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How To Configure the Cisco 12G SAS Modular Raid Controller for Pass-Through Mode

Yesterday I was at the New England VTUG event which is always a great event to meet up with familiar faces and be introduced to some new ones. I met up with a relatively new VMware Virtual SAN customer and we discussed lots of fun things about VSAN and their implementation experience. One frustrating thing they mentioned is that they couldn’t find anywhere that documented how to put the Cisco 12G SAS Modular Raid Controller in Pass-Through mode. They explained that after lots of searching on VMware and Cisco’s site, they contacted Cisco and were provided the information. They were kind enough to capture a screenshot of the setting and provide it to me.

The procedure is:

  • Log into the Cisco UCS Manager
  • Open a console to the host
  • Reboot the host
  • On boot up hit Ctrl+R to enter the Cisco 12G SAS Modular Raid Controller BIOS Configuration Utility
  • Hit Ctrl-N until the “Ctrl Mgmt” page is selected
  • In the bottom right hand corner, make sure the “Enable JBOD” field shows an X per the screen shot below.
  • Hit Ctrl-S to save Reboot

Cisco 12G SAS Enable JBOD

That’s it. Easy.

If this is a brand new, unconfigured host, the unclaimed disks in the host will now get passed to ESXi and VSAN can use them for the VSAN datastore.

However, if this host IO Controller had previously been configured with RAID, you should check out: How to delete the RAID configuration from drives managed by the Cisco 12G SAS Modular Raid Controller

I hope that helps others save some time in getting VSAN up and running.

Special thanks to Stephanie Forde and Matthew Gabrick from the Boston Water and Sewer Commission for pointing this out and providing the screenshot.